XIII.    Access to Mass Media and Use of Information/Communication Technology

The 2014 Kyrgyzstan MICS collected information on exposure to mass media and the use of computers and the internet. Information was collected on exposure to newspapers/magazines, radio and television among women age 15-49 years, while the questions on the use of computers and the use of the internet was asked to 15-24 year-olds.

Access to Mass Media

The proportion of women who read a newspaper or magazine, listen to the radio and watch television at least once a week is shown in Table MT.1.  In Kyrgyzstan 44.9 percent of women read a newspaper or magazine, 37.3 percent listen to the radio, and 98.2 percent watch television at least once a week. Overall, 1.2 percent do not have regular exposure to any of the three media, while 98.8 percent are exposed to at least one and 21.3 to all the three types of media on a weekly basis.

Table MT.1: Exposure to mass media

Percentage of women age 15-49 years who are exposed to specific mass media on a weekly basis, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

Percentage of women age 15-49 years who:

All three media at least once a week1

Any media at least once a week

None of the media at least once a week

Number of women age 15-49 years

Read a newspaper at least once a week

Listen to the radio at least once a week

Watch television at least once a week

               

Total

44.9

37.3

98.2

21.3

98.8

1.2

6854

               

Age

             

15-19

45.1

49.5

98.7

27.5

99.7

0.3

1169

    15-17

48.0

50.7

99.0

29.2

100.0

0.0

694

    18-19

41.0

47.9

98.3

24.9

99.1

0.9

474

20-24

41.8

39.3

97.5

22.2

98.3

1.7

1214

25-29

42.9

34.0

97.1

18.9

97.8

2.2

1145

30-34

43.7

32.4

98.0

18.8

98.6

1.4

935

35-39

48.0

34.0

98.9

19.1

99.0

1.0

854

40-44

46.7

34.8

98.9

21.5

99.3

0.7

804

45-49

48.6

32.6

98.8

19.2

99.1

0.9

733

Region

             

Batken

58.6

46.4

98.0

34.7

99.1

0.9

543

Djalal-Abad

31.2

29.7

99.3

15.4

99.5

0.5

1336

Issyk-Kul

51.5

37.0

99.3

22.6

99.8

0.2

469

Naryn

73.3

39.5

96.7

30.8

97.6

2.4

282

Osh Oblast

31.3

29.3

98.2

13.3

98.4

1.6

1277

Talas

57.1

19.7

99.5

12.2

99.7

0.3

333

Chui

51.5

35.8

96.8

22.0

97.7

2.3

1216

Bishkek City

51.2

63.3

98.8

32.8

99.3

0.7

1072

Osh City

39.0

21.5

95.6

13.1

97.4

2.6

326

Area

             

Urban

50.6

44.9

98.1

26.2

99.0

1.0

2424

Rural

41.8

33.2

98.2

18.6

98.6

1.4

4430

Education

             

None/primary

(4.3)

(6.9)

(75.8)

(0.0)

(79.0)

(21.0)

58

Basic secondary

27.0

29.7

96.2

13.1

97.0

3.0

941

Complete secondary

38.2

32.6

98.9

16.0

99.2

0.8

2813

Professional primary/middle

53.0

40.3

99.3

26.0

99.7

0.3

1258

Higher

60.5

47.7

98.1

31.4

99.0

1.0

1784

Wealth index quintile

             

Poorest

37.0

28.1

96.9

14.9

97.8

2.2

1245

Second

36.0

30.9

98.8

16.2

98.9

1.1

1292

Middle

43.1

34.6

98.4

20.4

98.6

1.4

1320

Fourth

51.7

44.2

98.9

26.5

99.4

0.6

1424

Richest

53.8

45.9

97.9

26.6

98.9

1.1

1574

Mother tongue of household head

           

Kyrgyz

50.5

39.3

98.3

23.8

98.9

1.1

4891

Russian

51.0

50.5

98.2

26.1

99.2

0.8

582

Uzbek

20.8

23.7

98.4

10.2

98.6

1.4

1074

Other language

28.3

28.5

94.9

10.9

96.0

4.0

305

1 MICS indicator 10.1 - Exposure to mass media

Women under age 20 are more likely than older women to report exposure to all three types of mass media. Strong differentials by area, education and socio-economic status are observed for exposure to all types of media, primarily due to differentials in exposure to print media and radio. Women with higher education are almost twice more likely to have been exposed to all three types of media than women with secondary education. Similarly, 26.6 percent of women in the richest households have been exposed to all the three media forms, while the corresponding proportion of women in the poorest households is only 14.9 percent. Larger proportions of women are exposed to all the media types in urban areas (26.2 percent) than in rural areas (18.6 percent). Exposure of women to all the three mass media is greatest in the Batken oblast (34.7 percent) and lowest in the Talas oblast (12.2 percent only).

Use of Information/Communication Technology

The questions on computer and internet use were asked only to 15-24 year old women. As shown in Table MT.2, 80.9 percent of these women ever used a computer, 64.1 percent used a computer during the last year and 45.4 percent used at least once a week during the last month. Overall, 78.4 percent of women age 15-24 ever used the internet, while 73.0 percent used it during the last year. The proportion of young women age 15-24 years who used the internet more frequently, at least once a week during the last month, is smaller, at 64.0 percent.

As expected, both the computer and internet use during the last 12 months is more widespread among the 15-19 year old women. Use of a computer and the internet is also strongly associated with area, education and wealth.

58.5 percent of women with basic secondary education report using internet during the last year, while almost all of the women (94.1 percent) with higher education used the internet during this period. Similarly higher utilisation of the internet is observed among young women in urban areas (83.1 percent) compared to those in rural areas (67.7 percent).  

The use of the internet during the last year is greatest in the Bishkek city (94.2 percent) and lowest in the Batken and Djalal-Abad oblasts (57.1 percent), while the proportion is 93.1 percent for young women in the richest households, as opposed to those living in the poorest households (51.4 percent).  

Table MT.2: Use of computers and internet

Percentage of women age 15-24 years who are exposed to specific mass media on a weekly basis, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

Percentage of women age 15-24 years who have:

Number of women age 15-24 years

Ever used a computer

Used a computer during the last 12 months1

Used a computer at least once a week during the last one month

Ever used the internet

Used the internet during the last 12 months2

Used the internet at least once a week during the last one month

               

Total

80.9

64.1

45.4

78.4

73.0

64.0

2383

               

Age

             

15-19

85.3

75.2

53.2

83.9

80.3

71.8

1169

    15-17

86.8

78.7

53.2

85.9

82.8

73.7

694

    18-19

83.0

70.2

53.1

81.0

76.7

69.0

474

20-24

76.8

53.5

37.8

73.1

65.9

56.4

1214

Region

             

Batken

83.6

55.1

37.6

63.1

57.0

47.8

179

Djalal-Abad

59.7

43.9

23.8

64.6

57.1

49.1

503

Issyk-Kul

89.1

66.1

42.3

93.8

85.7

66.9

136

Naryn

96.6

69.5

40.6

87.2

74.7

58.2

83

Osh Oblast

80.6

63.8

38.2

75.7

70.7

59.1

510

Talas

73.8

58.0

41.9

75.5

66.5

55.0

102

Chui

89.3

76.4

60.9

86.5

84.7

76.8

379

Bishkek City

97.5

84.6

74.6

95.2

94.2

92.3

362

Osh City

77.3

62.9

49.7

72.7

62.9

54.3

129

Area

             

Urban

89.6

75.7

61.1

86.7

83.1

77.8

810

Rural

76.5

58.2

37.3

74.1

67.7

56.8

1573

Education

             

None/primary

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

22

Basic secondary

71.0

57.8

34.5

63.8

58.5

47.6

569

Complete secondary

76.8

51.1

29.9

73.2

65.6

54.5

880

Professional primary/middle

88.1

72.9

56.9

90.9

86.0

79.2

366

Higher

96.6

88.5

75.8

96.6

94.1

88.6

545

Wealth index quintile

             

Poorest

66.7

41.0

21.0

59.6

51.4

40.8

392

Second

73.6

47.1

23.8

71.1

62.5

51.5

472

Middle

75.6

61.2

37.9

74.6

69.4

57.5

490

Fourth

90.7

78.4

60.7

87.2

82.6

74.3

527

Richest

93.9

86.0

75.7

94.3

93.1

89.2

503

Mother tongue of household head

           

Kyrgyz

85.2

67.2

47.2

85.1

79.9

71.3

1698

Russian

98.4

94.0

88.1

98.9

96.6

93.0

161

Uzbek

62.0

44.1

24.2

49.7

40.9

27.7

405

Other language

59.9

47.9

34.0

52.3

50.7

43.4

117

1 MICS indicator 10.2 - Use of computers

2 MICS indicator 10.3 - Use of internet