VIII.    Reproductive Health

Fertility

Measures of current fertility are presented in Table RH.1 for the three-year period preceding the survey. A three-year period was chosen for calculating these rates to provide the most current information while also allowing the rates to be calculated for a sufficient number of cases so as not to compromise the statistical precision of the estimates.

Age-specific fertility rates (ASFRs), expressed as the number of births per 1,000 women in a specified age group, show the age pattern of fertility. Numerators for ASFRs are calculated by identifying live births that occurred in the three-year period preceding the survey classified according to the age of the mother (in five-year age groups) at the time of the child’s birth. The denominators of the rates represent the number of woman-years lived by the survey respondents in each of the five-year age groups during the specified period.

The total fertility rate (TFR) is a synthetic measure that denotes the number of live births a woman would have if she were subject to the current age-specific fertility rates throughout her reproductive years (15-49 years).

The general fertility rate (GFR) is the number of live births occurring during the specified period per 1,000 women age 15-49.

The crude birth rate (CBR) is the number of live births per 1,000 population during the specified period.

Table RH.1: Fertility rates

Adolescent birth rate, age-specific and total fertility rates, the general fertility rate, and the crude birth rate for the three-year period preceding the survey, by area, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

Urban

Rural

Total

       

Age

     

   15-191

45

75

65

   20-24

182

268

237

   25-29

216

236

229

   30-34

150

158

155

   35-39

98

76

84

   40-44

33

30

31

   45-49

3

5

4

       

TFRa

3.6

4.2

4.0

GFRb

117

138

130

CBRc

29

29

29

1 MICS indicator 5.1; MDG indicator 5.4 - Adolescent birth rate

a TFR: Total fertility rate expressed per woman age 15-49 years

b GFR: General fertility rate expressed per 1,000 women age 15-49 years

c CBR: Crude birth rate expressed per 1,000 population

Table RH.1 shows current fertility in Kyrgyzstan at the national level and by urban-rural area. The TFR for the three years preceding the 2014 Kyrgyzstan MICS is 4.0 births per woman. Fertility is considerably higher in rural areas (4.2 births per woman) than in urban areas (3.6 births per woman). As the ASFRs show, the pattern of higher rural fertility is prevalent in all age groups, except for the age group 35-39 years and 40-44 years. These findings are shown in Figure RH.1 as well.