Appendix E.            2014 Kyrgyzstan MICS Indicators: Numerators and Denominators

MICS INDICATOR

Module[1]

Numerator

Denominator

MDG Indicator Reference[2]

MORTALITY [3]

1.1

Neonatal mortality rate

BH

Probability of dying within the first month of life

 

1.2

Infant mortality rate

CM - BH

Probability of dying between birth and the first birthday

MDG 4.2

1.3

Post-neonatal mortality rate

BH

Difference between infant and neonatal mortality rates

 

1.4

Child mortality rate

BH

Probability of dying between the first and the fifth birthdays

 

1.5

Under-five mortality rate

CM - BH

Probability of dying between birth and the fifth birthday

MDG 4.1


NUTRITION

2.1a

2.1b

Underweight prevalence

AN

Number of children under age 5 who fall below

  1. minus two standard deviations (moderate and severe)
  2. minus three standard deviations (severe)

of the median weight for age of the WHO standard

Total number of children under age 5

MDG 1.8

2.2a

2.2b

Stunting prevalence

AN

Number of children under age 5 who fall below

  1. minus two standard deviations (moderate and severe)
  2. below minus three standard deviations (severe)

of the median height for age of the WHO standard

Total number of children under age 5

 

2.3a

2.3b

Wasting prevalence

AN

Number of children under age 5 who fall below

  1. minus two standard deviations (moderate and severe)
  2. minus three standard deviations (severe)

of the median weight for height of the WHO standard

Total number of children under age 5

 

2.4

Overweight prevalence

AN

Number of children under age 5 who are above two standard deviations of the median weight for height of the WHO standard

Total number of children under age 5

 

2.5

Children ever breastfed

MN

Number of women with a live birth in the last 2 years who breastfed their last live-born child at any time

Total number of women with a live birth in the last 2 years

 

2.6

Early initiation of breastfeeding

MN

Number of women with a live birth in the last 2 years who put their last newborn to the breast within one hour of birth

Total number of women with a live birth in the last 2 years

 

2.7

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

BD

Number of infants under 6 months of age who are exclusively breastfed[4]

Total number of infants under 6 months of age

 

2.8

Predominant breastfeeding under 6 months

BD

Number of infants under 6 months of age who received breast milk as the predominant source of nourishment[5] during the previous day

Total number of infants under 6 months of age

 

2.9

Continued breastfeeding at 1 year

BD

Number of children age 12-15 months who received breast milk during the previous day

Total number of children age 12-15 months

 

2.10

Continued breastfeeding at 2 years

BD

Number of children age 20-23 months who received breast milk during the previous day

Total number of children age 20-23 months

 

2.11

Duration of breastfeeding

BD

The age in months when 50 percent of children age 0-35 months did not receive breast milk during the previous day

 

2.12

Age-appropriate breastfeeding

BD

Number of children age 0-23 months appropriately fed[6] during the previous day

Total number of children age 0-23 months

 

2.13

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods

BD

Number of infants age 6-8 months who received solid, semi-solid or soft foods during the previous day

Total number of infants age 6-8 months

 

2.14

Milk feeding frequency for non-breastfed children

BD

Number of non-breastfed children age 6-23 months who received at least 2 milk feedings during the previous day

Total number of non-breastfed children age 6-23 months

 

2.15

Minimum meal frequency

BD

Number of children age 6-23 months who received solid, semi-solid and soft foods (plus milk feeds for non-breastfed children) the minimum number of times[7] or more during the previous day

Total number of children age 6-23 months

 

2.16

Minimum dietary diversity

BD

Number of children age 6–23 months who received foods from 4 or more food groups[8] during the previous day

Total number of children age 6–23 months

 

2.17a

2.17b

Minimum acceptable diet

BD

  1. Number of breastfed children age 6–23 months who had at least the minimum dietary diversity and the minimum meal frequency during the previous day
  2. Number of non-breastfed children age 6–23 months who received at least 2 milk feedings and had at least the minimum dietary diversity not including milk feeds and the minimum meal frequency during the previous day
  3. Number of breastfed children age 6–23 months
  1. Number of non-breastfed children age 6–23 months
 

2.18

Bottle feeding

BD

Number of children age 0-23 months who were fed with a bottle during the previous day

Total number of children age 0-23 months

 

2.19

Iodized salt consumption

SI

Number of households with the results of salt analysis

for 15 or more parts of iodate per million

Total number of households where salt was

not tested or households with no salt

 

2.20

Low-birthweight infants

MN

Number of most recent live births in the last 2 years weighing below 2,500 grams at birth

Total number of most recent live births in the last 2 years

 

2.21

Infants weighed at birth

MN

Number of most recent live births in the last 2 years who were weighed at birth

Total number of most recent live births in the last 2 years

 

CHILD HEALTH

3.1

Tuberculosis immunization coverage

IM

Number of children age 12-23 months who received BCG vaccine by their first birthday

Total number of children age 12-23 months

 

3.2

Polio immunization coverage

IM

Number of children age 12-23 months who received the third dose of OPV vaccine (OPV3) by their first birthday

Total number of children age 12-23 months

 

3.3

3.5

3.6

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage

IM

Number of children age 12-23 months who received the third dose of Pentavalent 3 (DPT+HepB+Hib-3) by their first birthday

Total number of children age 12-23 months

 

3.4

Measles immunization coverage

IM

Number of children age 24-35 months who received measles vaccine by their second birthday

Total number of children age 24-35 months

MDG 4.3

3.8

Full immunization coverage

IM

Number of children age 24-35 months who received all vaccinations recommended in the national immunization schedule by their first birthday (measles by second birthday)

Total number of children age 24-35 months

 

3.10

Care-seeking for diarrhoea

CA

Number of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks for whom advice or treatment was sought from a health facility or provider

Total number of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks

 

3.11

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc

CA

Number of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks who received ORS and zinc

Total number of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks

 

3.12

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and continued feeding

CA

Number of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks who received ORT (ORS packet, pre-packaged ORS fluid, recommended homemade fluid or increased fluids) and continued feeding during the episode of diarrhoea

Total number of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks

 

3.13

Care-seeking  for children with acute respiratory infection (ARI) symptoms

CA

Number of children under age 5 with ARI symptoms in the last 2 weeks for whom advice or treatment was sought from a health facility or provider

Total number of children under age 5 with ARI symptoms in the last 2 weeks

 

3.14

Antibiotic treatment for children with ARI symptoms

CA

Number of children under age 5 with ARI symptoms in the last 2 weeks who received antibiotics

Total number of children under age 5 with ARI symptoms in the last 2 weeks

 

3.15

Use of solid fuels for cooking

HC

Number of household members in households that use solid fuels as the primary source of domestic energy to cook

Total number of household members

 

3.20

Care-seekingfor fever

CA

Number of children under age 5 with fever in the last 2 weeks for whom advice or treatment was sought from a health facility or provider

Total number of children under age 5 with fever in the last 2 weeks

 
 

WATER AND SANITATION

4.1

Use of improved drinking water sources

WS

Number of household members using improved sources of drinking water

Total number of household members

MDG 7.8

4.2

Water treatment

WS

Number of household members in households using unimproved drinking water who use an appropriate treatment method

Total number of household members in households using unimproved drinking water sources

 

4.3

Use of improved sanitation

WS

Number of household members using improved sanitation facilities which are not shared

Total number of household members

MDG 7.9

4.4

Safe disposal of child’s faeces

CA

Number of children age 0-2 years whose last stools were disposed of safely

Total number of children age 0-2 years

 

4.5

Place for handwashing

HW

Number of households with a specific place for handwashing where water and soap or other cleansing agent are present

Total number of households

 

4.6

Availability of soap or other cleansing agent

HW

Number of households with soap or other cleansing agent

Total number of households

 


REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

5.1

Adolescent birth rate[9]

CM - BH

Age-specific fertility rate for women age 15-19 years

MDG 5.4

5.2

Early childbearing

CM - BH

Number of women age 20-24 years who had at least one live birth before age 18

Total number of women age 20-24 years

 

5.3

Contraceptive prevalence rate

CP

Number of women age 15-49 years currently married or in union who are using (or whose partner is using) a (modern or traditional) contraceptive method

Total number of women age 15-49 years who are currently married or in union

MDG 5.3

5.4

Unmet need[10]

UN

Number of women age 15-49 years who are currently married or in union who are fecund and want to space their births or limit the number of children they have and who are not currently using contraception

Total number of women age 15-49 years who are currently married or in union

MDG 5.6

5.5a

5.5b

Antenatal care coverage

MN

Number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years who were attended during their last pregnancy that led to a live birth

  1. at least once by skilled health personnel
  2. at least four times by any provider

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

MDG 5.5

5.6

Content of antenatal care

MN

Number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years who had their blood pressure measured and gave urine and blood samples during the last pregnancy that led to a live birth

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

 

5.7

Skilled attendant at delivery

MN

Number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years who were attended by skilled health personnel during their most recent live birth

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

MDG 5.2

5.8

Institutional deliveries

MN

Number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years whose most recent live birth was delivered in a health facility

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

 

5.9

Caesarean section

MN

Number of women age 15-49 years whose most recent live birth in the last 2 years was delivered by caesarean section

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

 

5.10

Post-partum stay in health facility

PN

Number of women age 15-49 years who stayed in the health facility for 12 hours or more after the delivery of their most recent live birth in the last 2 years

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

 

5.11

Post-natal health check for the newborn

PN

Number of last live births in the last 2 years who received a health check while in facility or at home following delivery, or a post-natal care visit within 2 days after delivery

Total number of last live births in the last 2 years

 

5.12

Post-natal health check for the mother

PN

Number of women age 15-49 years who received a health check while in facility or at home following delivery, or a post-natal care visit within 2 days after delivery of their most recent live birth in the last 2 years

Total number of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

 


CHILD DEVELOPMENT

6.1

Attendance to early childhood education

EC

Number of children age 36-59 months who are attending an early childhood education programme

Total number of children age 36-59 months

 

6.2

Support for learning

EC

Number of children age 36-59 months with whom an adult has engaged in four or more activities to promote learning and school readiness in the last 3 days

Total number of children age 36-59 months

 

6.3

Father’s support for learning

EC

Number of children age 36-59 months whose biological father has engaged in four or more activities to promote learning and school readiness in the last 3 days

Total number of children age 36-59 months

 

6.4

Mother’s support for learning

EC

Number of children age 36-59 months whose biological mother has engaged in four or more activities to promote learning and school readiness in the last 3 days

Total number of children age 36-59 months

 

6.5

Availability of children’s books

EC

Number of children under age 5 who have three or more children’s books

Total number of children under age 5

 

6.6

Availability of playthings

EC

Number of children under age 5 who play with two or more types of playthings

Total number of children under age 5

 

6.7

Inadequate care

EC

Number of children under age 5 left alone or in the care of another child younger than 10 years of age for more than one hour at least once in the last week

Total number of children under age 5

 

6.8

Early child development index

EC

Number of children age 36-59 months who are developmentally on track in at least three of the following four domains: literacy-numeracy, physical, social-emotional, and learning

Total number of children age 36-59 months

 


LITERACY AND EDUCATION

7.1

Literacy rate among young women [M]

WB

Number of women age 15-24 years who are able to read a short simple statement about everyday life or who attended secondary or higher education

Total number of women age 15-24 years

MDG 2.3

7.2

School readiness

ED

Number of children in first grade of primary school who attended pre-school during the previous school year

Total number of children attending the first grade of primary school

 

7.3

Net intake rate in primary education

ED

Number of children of school-entry age who enter the first grade of primary school

Total number of children of school-entry age

 

7.4

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

ED

Number of children of primary school age currently attending primary or secondary school

Total number of children of primary school age

MDG 2.1

7.5

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

ED

Number of children of secondary school age currently attending secondary school or higher

Total number of children of secondary school age

 

7.SS1[11]

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

ED

Number of children of lower secondary school age currently attending lower secondary school or higher

Total number of children of lower secondary school age

 

7.SS2

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

ED

Number of children of upper secondary school age currently attending upper secondary school or higher

Total number of children of upper secondary school age

 

7.6

Children reaching last grade of primary

ED

Percentage of children entering the first grade of primary school who eventually reach last grade

MDG 2.2

7.7

Primary completion rate

ED

Number of children attending the last grade of primary school (excluding repeaters)

Total number of children of primary school completion age (age appropriate to final grade of primary school)

 

7.8

Transition rate to secondary school

ED

Number of children attending the last grade of primary school during the previous school year who are in the first grade of secondary school during the current school year

Total number of children attending the last grade of primary school during the previous school year

 

7.9

Gender parity index (primary school)

ED

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for girls

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for boys

MDG 3.1

7.10

Gender parity index (secondary school)

ED

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for girls

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for boys

MDG 3.1

7.SS3

Gender parity index (lower secondary school)

ED

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for girls

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for boys

 

7.SS4

Gender parity index (upper secondary school)

ED

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for girls

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted) for boys

 

CHILD PROTECTION

8.1

Birth registration

BR

Number of children under age 5 whose births are reported registered

Total number of children under age 5

 

8.2

Child labour

CL

Number of children age 5-17 years who are involved in child labour[12]

Total number of children age 5-17 years

 

8.3

Violent discipline

CD

Number of children age 1-14 years who experienced psychological aggression or physical punishment during the last one month

Total number of children age 1-14 years

 

8.4

Marriage before age 15

MA

Number of women age 15-49 years who were first married or in union before age 15

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

8.5

Marriage before age 18

MA

Number of women age 20-49 years who were first married or in union before age 18

Total number of women age 20-49 years

 

8.6

Young women age 15-19 years currently married or in union

MA

Number of women age 15-19 years who are married or in union

Total number of women age 15-19 years

 

8.7

Polygyny

MA

Number of women age 15-49 years who are in a polygynous union

Total number of women age 15-49 years who are married or in union

 

8.8a

8.8b

Spousal age difference

MA

Number of women who are married or in union and whose spouse is 10 or more years older,

  1. among women age 15-19 years,
  2. among women age 20-24 years

Total number of women who are married or in union

  1. age 15-19 years,
  2. age 20-24 years
 

8.12

Attitudes towards domestic violence

DV

Number of women who state that a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife in at least one of the following circumstances: (1) she goes out without telling him, (2) she neglects the children, (3) she argues with him, (4) she refuses sex with him, (5) she burns the food

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

8.13

Children’s living arrangements

HL

Number of children age 0-17 years living with neither biological parent

Total number of children age 0-17 years

 

8.14

Prevalence of children with one or both parents dead

HL

Number of children age 0-17 years with one or both biological parents dead

Total number of children age 0-17 years

 

8.15

Children with at least one parent living abroad

HL

Number of children 0-17 years with at least one biological parent living abroad

Total number of children 0-17 years

 

HIV/AIDS AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR

9.1

Knowledge about HIV prevention among young women

HA

Number of women age 15-24 years who correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV[13], and who reject major misconceptions about HIV transmission

Total number of women age 15-24 years

MDG 6.3

9.2

Knowledge of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

HA

Number of women age 15-49 years who correctly identify all three means[14] of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

9.3

Accepting attitudes towards people living with HIV

HA

Number of women age 15-49 years expressing accepting attitudes on all four questions[15] toward people living with HIV

Total number of women age 15-49 years who have heard of HIV

 

9.4

Women who know where to be tested for HIV

HA

Number of women age 15-49 years who state knowledge of a place to be tested for HIV

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

9.5

Women who have been tested for HIV and know the results

HA

Number of women age 15-49 years who have been tested for HIV in the last 12 months and who know their results

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

9.7

HIV counselling during antenatal care

HA

Number of women age 15-49 years who had a live birth in the last 2 years and received antenatal care during the pregnancy of their most recent birth, reporting that they received counselling on HIV during antenatal care

Total number of women age 15-49 years who had a live birth in the last 2 years

 

9.8

HIV testing during antenatal care

HA

Number of women age 15-49 years who had a live birth in the last 2 years and received antenatal care during the pregnancy of their most recent birth, reporting that they were offered and accepted an HIV test during antenatal care and received their results

Total number of women age 15-49 years who had a live birth in the last 2 years

 


ACCESS TO MASS MEDIA AND USE OF INFORMATION/COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

10.1

Exposure to mass media

MT

Number of women age 15-49 years who, at least once a week, read a newspaper or magazine, listen to the radio, and watch television

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

10.2

Use of computers

MT

Number of young women age 15-24 years who used a computer during the last 12 months

Total number of women age 15-24 years

 

10.3

Use of internet

MT

Number of young women age 15-24 who used the internet during the last 12 months

Total number of women age 15-24 years

 
           

SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING

11.1

Life satisfaction

LS

Number of women age 15-24 years who are very or somewhat satisfied with their life, overall

Total number of women age 15-24 years

 

11.2

Happiness

LS

Number of women age 15-24 years who are very or somewhat happy

Total number of women age 15-24 years

 

11.3

Perception of a better life

LS

Number of women age 15-24 years whose life improved during the last one year, and who expect that their life will be better after one year

Total number of women age 15-24 years

 
           

TOBACCO AND ALCOHOL USE

12.1

Tobacco use

TA

Number of women age 15-49 years who smoked cigarettes, or used smoked or smokeless tobacco products at any time during the last one month

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

12.2

Smoking before age 15

TA

Number of women age 15-49 years who smoked a whole cigarette before age 15

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

12.3

Use of alcohol

TA

Number of women age 15-49 years who had at least one alcoholic drink at any time during the last one month

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

12.4

Use of alcohol before age 15

TA

Number of women age 15-49 years who had at least one alcoholic drink before age 15

Total number of women age 15-49 years

 

[1] Some indicators are constructed using questions from several modules. In such cases, only the modules containing most of the necessary information are indicated.

[2] Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, effective 15 January 2008 - http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Host.aspx?Content=Indicators/OfficialList.htm, accessed 10 June 2013

[3] Mortality indicators are calculated for the last 5-year period

[4]Infants receiving breast milk, and not receiving any other fluids or foods, with the exception of oral rehydration solution, vitamins, mineral supplements and medicines

[5]Infants who receive breast milk and certain fluids (water and water-based drinks, fruit juice, ritual fluids, oral rehydration solution, drops, vitamins, minerals, and medicines), but do not receive anything else (in particular, non-human milk and food-based fluids)

[6]Infants age 0-5 months who are exclusively breastfed, and children age 6-23 months who are breastfed and ate solid, semi-solid or soft foods

[7]Breastfeeding children: Solid, semi-solid, or soft foods, two times for infants age 6-8 months, and three times for children 9-23 months; Non-breastfeeding children: Solid, semi-solid, or soft foods, or milk feeds, four times for children age 6-23 months

[8] The indicator is based on consumption of any amount of food from at least 4 out of the 7 following food groups: 1) grains, roots and tubers, 2) legumes and nuts, 3) dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese), 4) flesh foods (meat, fish, poultry and liver/organ meats), 5) eggs, 6) vitamin-A rich fruits and vegetables, and 7) other fruits and vegetables

[9] The indicator is calculated for the last 3-year period

[10]See the MICS tabulation plan for a detailed description

[11]SS (survey-specific) denotes an indicator calculated by introduction of a non-standard module or question(s) to this survey that is not part of the global MICS5 Questionnaires or by applying a non-standard calculation method that is not included in the global MICS5 Tabulation Plan

[12] Children involved in child labour are defined as children involved in economic activities at or above the age-specific thresholds, children involved in household chores at or above the age-specific thresholds, and children involved in hazardous work. See the MICS tabulation plan for more detailed information on thresholds and classifications

[13]Using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner

[14] Transmission during pregnancy, during delivery, and by breastfeeding

[15]Women (1) who think that a female teacher with the AIDS virus should be allowed to teach in school, (2) who would buy fresh vegetables from a shopkeeper or vendor who has the AIDS virus, (3) who would not want to keep it as a secret if a family member became infected with the AIDS virus, and (4) who would be willing to care for a family member who became sick with the AIDS virus