Appendix C.            Estimates of Sampling Errors

The sample of respondents selected in the Kyrgyzstan, 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey is only one of the samples that could have been selected from the same population, using the same design and size. Each of these samples would yield results that differ somewhat from the results of the actual sample selected. Sampling errors are a measure of the variability between the estimates from all possible samples. The extent of variability is not known exactly, but can be estimated statistically from the survey data.

The following sampling error measures are presented in this appendix for each of the selected indicators:

  • Standard error
  • Coefficient of variation (se/r) is the ratio of the standard error to the value (r) of the indicator, and is a measure of the relative sampling error.
  • Design effectratio of the actual variance of an indicator, under the sampling method used in the survey, to the variance calculated under the assumption of simple random sampling based on the same sample size. The square root of the design effect (deft) is used to show the efficiency of the sample design in relation to the precision. A deft value of 1.0 indicates that the sample design of the survey is as efficient as a simple random sample for a particular indicator, while a deft value above 1.0 indicates an increase in the standard error due to the use of a more complex sample design.
  • Confidence limits are calculated to show the interval within which the true value for the population can be reasonably assumed to fall, with a specified level of confidence. For any given statistic calculated from the survey, the value of that statistic will fall within a range of plus or minus two times the standard error (r + 2.se or r – 2.se) of the statistic in 95 percent of all possible samples of identical size and design.

For the calculation of sampling errors from MICS data, programs developed in CSPro Version 5.0, SPSS Version 21 Complex Samples module and CMRJack[1] have been used.

The findings are shown in the tables that follow. In addition to the sampling error measures described above, the tables also include weighted and unweighted counts of denominators for each indicator.  Given the use of normalized weights, by comparing the weighted and unweighted counts it is possible to determine whether a particular domain has been under-sampled or over-sampled compared to the average sampling rate.  If the weighted count is smaller than the unweighted count, this means that the particular domain had been over-sampled.  As explained later in the footnote of Table SE.1, there is an exception in the case of indicators 4.1 and 4.3, for which the unweighted count represents the number of sample households, and the weighted counts reflect the total population.

Sampling errors are calculated for indicators of primary interest, for the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for all regions. Ten of the selected indicators are based on households members, 17 are based on women, and 12 are based on children under 5. Table SE.1 shows the list of indicators for which sampling errors are calculated, including the base population (denominator) for each indicator. Tables SE.2 to SE.13 show the calculated sampling errors for selected regions.

Table SE.1: Indicators selected for sampling error calculations

List of indicators selected for sampling error calculations, and base populations (denominators) for each indicator, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

MICS5 Indicator

 

Base Population

Household members

3.15

Use of solid fuels for cooking

 

All household membersa

4.1

Use of improved drinking water sources

 

All household membersa

4.3

Use of improved sanitation

 

All household membersa

7.2

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

 

Children attending first grade of primary school

7.4

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

 

Children of primary school age (7-10 years)

SS

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

 

Children of basic secondary school age (11-15 years)

SS

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

 

Children of complete secondary school age (16-17 years)

7.5

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

 

Children of secondary school age (11-17 years)

8.2

Child labour

 

Children age 5-17 yearsb

8.3

Violent discipline

 

Children age 1-14 yearsb

Women

1.2

Infant mortality rate

 

Children of interviewed women exposed to the risk of mortality during the first year of life

1.5

Under five mortality rate

 

Children of interviewed women exposed to the risk of mortality during the first five years of life

2.6

Early initiation of breastfeeding

 

Number of last live-born children in the last two years

5.1

Adolescent birth rate

 

Women years of exposure to childbirth during ages 15-19 years

5.2

Early childbearing

 

Women age 20-24 who have had a live birth before age 18

5.3

Contraceptive prevalence rate

 

Women age 15-49 years who are currently married or in union

5.4

Unmet need

 

Women age 15-49 years who are currently married or in union

5.5a

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

 

Women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

5.5b

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

 

Women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

5.7

Skilled attendant at delivery

 

Women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

5.9

Caesarean section

 

Women age 15-49 years with a live birth in the last 2 years

7.1

Literacy rate (young women)

 

Women age 15-24 years

8.5

Marriage before age 18

 

Women age 20-49 years

9.1

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

 

Women age 15-24 years

10.3

Use of internet

 

Women age 15-24 years

11.1

Life satisfaction

 

Women age 15-24 years

12.2

Smoking before age 15

 

Women age 15-49 years

Under-5s

2.1a

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

 

Children under age 5 years

2.1b

Underweight prevalence (severe)

 

Children under age 5 years

2.2a

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

 

Children under age 5 years

2.4

Overweight prevalence

 

Children under age 5 years

2.7

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

 

Children age 0-5 months

-

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

 

Children age 12-23 monthsc

-

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

 

Children age 12-23 monthsc

-

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

 

Children age 12-23 monthsc

-

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

 

Children age 24-35 monthsc

-

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

 

Children age 24-35 monthsc

6.1

Attendance to early childhood education

 

Children age 36-59 months

6.8

Early child development index

 

Children age 36-59 months

a To calculate the weighted results of MICS Indicators 3.15, 4.1 and 4.3, the household weight is multiplied by the number of household members in each household. Therefore the unweighted base population presented in the SE tables reflect the unweighted number of households, whereas the weighted numbers reflect the household population.

bRandom selection of one child age 1-17 years per household is carried out during fieldwork for administering the child labour and/or child discipline modules. The child labour module is administered for children age 5-17 from among those randomly selected, while violent discipline module is administered for children age 1-14. To account for the random selection and calculate MICS Indicators 8.2 and 8.3, the household sample weight is multiplied by the total number of children in the age range in each household. Therefore the unweighted base population presented in the SE tables reflects the unweighted number of households with children in the age range, whereas the weighted numbers reflect the number of children in the age range.

c Due to the way missing values are treated, the weighted count in Tables SE.2-SE.13 for immunization is different from the number in Table CH.1.



Table SE.2: Sampling errors: Total sample

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.293

0.010

0.034

3.229

1.797

29786

6934

0.273

0.313

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.870

0.015

0.017

14.081

3.752

29786

6934

0.840

0.900

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.975

0.006

0.006

8.859

2.976

29786

6934

0.964

0.986

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.431

0.015

0.034

0.685

0.827

662

767

0.402

0.461

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.993

0.002

0.002

1.509

1.228

2311

2475

0.989

0.997

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.972

0.005

0.005

2.346

1.532

2599

2767

0.962

0.981

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.774

0.017

0.022

1.650

1.284

969

971

0.740

0.809

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.926

0.006

0.007

2.096

1.448

3568

3738

0.914

0.938

Child labour

8.2

 

0.258

0.009

0.035

2.495

1.579

7855

3323

0.240

0.276

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.571

0.011

0.020

3.798

1.949

9994

4274

0.549

0.594

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

23.586

3.088

0.131

na

na

na

na

17.410

29.762

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

29.309

3.713

0.127

na

na

na

na

21.884

36.735

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.825

0.010

0.012

1.181

1.087

1675

1766

0.805

0.845

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

64.665

6.110

0.094

na

na

na

na

52.444

76.886

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.035

0.008

0.216

1.966

1.402

1214

1155

0.020

0.050

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.420

0.010

0.024

2.121

1.456

4750

4889

0.399

0.440

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.191

0.008

0.041

1.899

1.378

4750

4889

0.175

0.206

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.984

0.005

0.005

2.229

1.493

1675

1766

0.975

0.993

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.946

0.006

0.006

1.111

1.054

1675

1766

0.935

0.957

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.984

0.005

0.005

2.275

1.508

1675

1766

0.975

0.993

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.074

0.007

0.091

1.181

1.087

1675

1766

0.061

0.088

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

0.993

0.006

0.006

10.826

3.290

2383

2317

0.982

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.127

0.006

0.048

1.921

1.386

5685

5692

0.115

0.139

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.198

0.011

0.057

1.874

1.369

2383

2317

0.175

0.220

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.730

0.014

0.019

2.275

1.508

2383

2317

0.702

0.758

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.961

0.006

0.007

2.518

1.587

2383

2317

0.948

0.974

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.005

0.001

0.215

1.586

1.259

6854

6854

0.003

0.007

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.028

0.003

0.098

1.239

1.113

4441

4470

0.022

0.033

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.006

0.001

0.189

0.940

0.970

4441

4470

0.004

0.008

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.129

0.006

0.046

1.377

1.174

4412

4445

0.117

0.141

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.070

0.005

0.072

1.736

1.317

4414

4445

0.060

0.080

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

0.411

0.023

0.055

0.909

0.953

455

432

0.366

0.456

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.996

0.003

0.003

1.602

1.266

880

880

0.990

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.898

0.010

0.011

0.992

0.996

880

880

0.877

0.918

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.955

0.008

0.008

1.313

1.146

877

878

0.939

0.971

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.967

0.005

0.006

0.866

0.931

930

920

0.956

0.978

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.880

0.012

0.013

1.208

1.099

925

917

0.856

0.903

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.227

0.014

0.064

2.168

1.472

1770

1816

0.198

0.256

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.783

0.013

0.016

1.702

1.305

1770

1816

0.758

0.808

na: not applicable

                     


Table SE.3: Sampling errors: Urban

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.072

0.009

0.121

3.194

1.787

9393

2812

0.054

0.089

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.982

0.006

0.006

5.776

2.403

9393

2812

0.970

0.994

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.934

0.017

0.018

13.479

3.671

9393

2812

0.900

0.968

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.522

0.026

0.050

0.604

0.777

170

225

0.470

0.574

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.987

0.004

0.004

1.095

1.047

660

763

0.979

0.996

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.973

0.006

0.006

1.117

1.057

701

828

0.962

0.985

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.812

0.020

0.025

0.871

0.933

299

333

0.772

0.852

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.934

0.008

0.008

1.159

1.076

1000

1161

0.918

0.949

Child labour

8.2

 

0.123

0.013

0.107

3.622

1.903

2389

1164

0.096

0.149

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.600

0.015

0.025

2.724

1.650

3094

1487

0.570

0.630

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

16.520

4.304

0.261

na

na

na

na

7.913

25.127

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

20.073

4.594

0.229

na

na

na

na

10.885

29.260

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.824

0.014

0.017

0.835

0.914

539

621

0.796

0.852

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

44.946

7.532

0.168

na

na

na

na

29.882

60.010

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.033

0.010

0.287

1.270

1.127

423

449

0.014

0.052

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.431

0.020

0.046

2.713

1.647

1511

1726

0.392

0.470

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.175

0.012

0.070

1.797

1.340

1511

1726

0.151

0.200

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.988

0.005

0.005

1.252

1.119

539

621

0.979

0.998

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.964

0.006

0.006

0.604

0.777

539

621

0.953

0.976

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.994

0.004

0.004

1.353

1.163

539

621

0.986

1.000

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.095

0.012

0.130

1.100

1.049

539

621

0.070

0.119

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

0.998

0.001

0.001

0.938

0.968

810

887

0.995

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.092

0.006

0.069

1.071

1.035

2037

2188

0.079

0.105

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.179

0.015

0.086

1.431

1.196

810

887

0.149

0.210

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.831

0.017

0.020

1.746

1.321

810

887

0.798

0.865

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.954

0.008

0.008

1.297

1.139

810

887

0.938

0.970

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.006

0.002

0.365

1.945

1.395

2424

2626

0.001

0.010

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.019

0.004

0.200

1.159

1.076

1310

1453

0.012

0.027

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.005

0.002

0.406

1.166

1.080

1310

1453

0.001

0.009

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.118

0.010

0.085

1.397

1.182

1303

1442

0.098

0.138

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.082

0.010

0.118

1.803

1.343

1300

1440

0.063

0.102

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

0.395

0.029

0.072

0.544

0.738

152

160

0.338

0.452

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.999

0.001

0.001

0.389

0.623

254

284

0.996

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.850

0.025

0.029

1.388

1.178

254

284

0.801

0.900

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.922

0.018

0.020

1.348

1.161

253

283

0.885

0.959

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.956

0.011

0.012

0.963

0.981

294

318

0.933

0.979

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.816

0.026

0.032

1.447

1.203

295

320

0.764

0.868

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.405

0.030

0.073

2.012

1.418

482

553

0.346

0.465

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.783

0.023

0.030

1.776

1.333

482

553

0.737

0.830

na: not applicable

                     

Table SE.4: Sampling errors: Rural

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.395

0.013

0.034

3.072

1.753

20393

4122

0.368

0.422

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.818

0.022

0.027

13.218

3.636

20393

4122

0.775

0.862

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.994

0.001

0.001

1.227

1.108

20393

4122

0.992

0.997

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.400

0.018

0.045

0.736

0.858

492

542

0.364

0.436

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.995

0.002

0.002

1.966

1.402

1651

1712

0.991

1.000

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.971

0.006

0.006

2.685

1.639

1898

1939

0.958

0.983

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.757

0.023

0.030

1.819

1.349

670

638

0.711

0.803

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.923

0.008

0.009

2.334

1.528

2568

2577

0.907

0.939

Child labour

8.2

 

0.309

0.012

0.037

2.232

1.494

5458

2159

0.286

0.333

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.560

0.014

0.026

3.886

1.971

6897

2787

0.532

0.589

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

26.747

4.041

0.151

na

na

na

na

18.665

34.829

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

33.422

4.937

0.148

na

na

na

na

23.548

43.296

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.825

0.013

0.016

1.318

1.148

1137

1145

0.799

0.851

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

75.006

8.333

0.111

na

na

na

na

58.340

91.672

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.036

0.010

0.290

2.227

1.492

791

706

0.015

0.057

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.414

0.012

0.029

1.868

1.367

3239

3163

0.390

0.438

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.198

0.010

0.049

1.900

1.379

3239

3163

0.179

0.218

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.981

0.006

0.006

2.444

1.563

1137

1145

0.969

0.994

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.937

0.008

0.008

1.228

1.108

1137

1145

0.921

0.953

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.979

0.006

0.007

2.342

1.530

1137

1145

0.966

0.992

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.065

0.008

0.124

1.227

1.108

1137

1145

0.049

0.081

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

0.991

0.008

0.009

11.171

3.342

1573

1430

0.974

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.146

0.009

0.060

2.167

1.472

3648

3504

0.129

0.164

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.207

0.015

0.073

1.969

1.403

1573

1430

0.177

0.237

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.677

0.020

0.029

2.496

1.580

1573

1430

0.638

0.717

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.964

0.009

0.009

3.158

1.777

1573

1430

0.947

0.982

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.005

0.001

0.264

1.384

1.176

4430

4228

0.002

0.007

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.031

0.004

0.112

1.222

1.105

3131

3017

0.024

0.038

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.006

0.001

0.213

0.866

0.930

3131

3017

0.004

0.009

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.134

0.007

0.054

1.340

1.157

3110

3003

0.120

0.148

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.065

0.006

0.090

1.667

1.291

3114

3005

0.053

0.076

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

0.419

0.031

0.073

1.050

1.025

303

272

0.357

0.480

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.995

0.004

0.004

1.656

1.287

626

596

0.987

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.917

0.010

0.011

0.788

0.888

626

596

0.897

0.937

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.968

0.009

0.009

1.429

1.195

624

595

0.950

0.985

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.972

0.006

0.006

0.833

0.913

636

602

0.960

0.984

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.909

0.012

0.013

1.005

1.003

630

597

0.886

0.933

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.160

0.015

0.096

2.232

1.494

1288

1263

0.129

0.191

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.783

0.015

0.019

1.666

1.291

1288

1263

0.753

0.813

                       

Table SE.5: Sampling errors: Batken

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.693

0.023

0.033

1.775

1.332

2432

730

0.648

0.739

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.600

0.049

0.082

7.375

2.716

2432

730

0.502

0.699

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.983

0.007

0.008

2.436

1.561

2432

730

0.968

0.998

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.690

0.040

0.058

0.732

0.855

68

100

0.610

0.769

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.989

0.003

0.003

0.256

0.506

191

281

0.982

0.995

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.991

0.005

0.005

1.053

1.026

234

339

0.980

1.000

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.846

0.029

0.034

0.794

0.891

87

126

0.788

0.903

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.951

0.010

0.011

1.052

1.026

322

465

0.931

0.972

Child labour

8.2

 

0.277

0.026

0.093

2.090

1.446

912

375

0.226

0.329

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.494

0.019

0.039

1.217

1.103

1180

489

0.456

0.532

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

(29.969)

(8.595)

(0.287)

na

na

na

na

(12.780)

(47.159)

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

(32.259)

(8.769)

(0.272)

na

na

na

na

(14.721)

(49.797)

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.833

0.033

0.039

1.503

1.226

148

195

0.768

0.899

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

96.137

18.059

0.188

na

na

na

na

60.018

100.000

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.009

0.009

1.017

1.095

1.047

89

120

0.000

0.027

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.450

0.022

0.049

1.092

1.045

408

548

0.406

0.495

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.166

0.019

0.117

1.485

1.218

408

548

0.127

0.205

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.989

0.008

0.008

1.034

1.017

148

195

0.973

1.000

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.953

0.010

0.011

0.475

0.689

148

195

0.932

0.974

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.990

0.007

0.007

0.993

0.997

148

195

0.975

1.000

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.036

0.012

0.344

0.854

0.924

148

195

0.011

0.061

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

179

241

1.000

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.128

0.016

0.122

1.322

1.150

453

610

0.097

0.159

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.146

0.023

0.158

1.023

1.011

179

241

0.100

0.192

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.570

0.028

0.049

0.771

0.878

179

241

0.514

0.626

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.950

0.016

0.017

1.367

1.169

179

241

0.917

0.983

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.004

0.003

0.720

1.506

1.227

543

731

0.000

0.010

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.023

0.008

0.334

1.383

1.176

402

525

0.008

0.039

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.004

0.003

0.724

1.066

1.032

402

525

0.000

0.009

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.136

0.017

0.122

1.231

1.109

402

525

0.103

0.170

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.034

0.009

0.263

1.256

1.121

401

524

0.016

0.051

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

0.480

0.053

0.111

0.575

0.758

40

52

0.374

0.586

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

66

87

1.000

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.902

0.032

0.036

1.005

1.002

66

87

0.838

0.966

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.977

0.016

0.017

1.012

1.006

66

87

0.945

1.000

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.983

0.009

0.009

0.514

0.717

88

114

0.965

1.000

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.850

0.024

0.029

0.521

0.722

87

113

0.801

0.898

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.331

0.037

0.111

1.358

1.165

170

222

0.257

0.405

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.812

0.024

0.029

0.829

0.910

170

222

0.764

0.860

na: not applicable

( ) – Figures that are based on 250-499 unweighted cases

                     
                                         

Table SE.6: Sampling errors: Djalal-Abad

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.459

0.026

0.056

2.433

1.560

5883

900

0.408

0.511

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.815

0.041

0.050

9.888

3.144

5883

900

0.734

0.897

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.998

0.001

0.001

0.796

0.892

5883

900

0.996

1.000

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.387

0.032

0.083

0.417

0.646

134

96

0.323

0.452

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

494

355

1.000

1.000

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.967

0.008

0.008

0.888

0.942

596

423

0.951

0.983

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.697

0.034

0.049

0.817

0.904

212

150

0.629

0.765

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.907

0.015

0.016

1.489

1.220

808

573

0.877

0.937

Child labour

8.2

 

0.214

0.020

0.094

1.976

1.406

1128

476

0.174

0.254

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.429

0.022

0.051

2.019

1.421

1427

601

0.385

0.473

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

19.643

6.407

0.326

na

na

na

na

6.829

32.457

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

24.111

6.673

0.277

na

na

na

na

10.766

37.456

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.804

0.024

0.030

0.950

0.975

351

251

0.755

0.853

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

91.080

12.020

0.132

na

na

na

na

67.041

100.000

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.058

0.025

0.423

1.926

1.388

246

176

0.009

0.107

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.314

0.023

0.075

1.740

1.319

959

686

0.267

0.361

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.264

0.023

0.089

1.932

1.390

959

686

0.217

0.311

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.990

0.006

0.006

0.861

0.928

351

251

0.978

1.000

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.953

0.013

0.014

0.937

0.968

351

251

0.928

0.979

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.993

0.005

0.005

0.871

0.933

351

251

0.984

1.000

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.055

0.017

0.321

1.482

1.217

351

251

0.020

0.089

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

0.995

0.003

0.003

0.858

0.926

503

358

0.989

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.131

0.017

0.133

2.069

1.438

1079

776

0.096

0.166

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.060

0.014

0.226

1.168

1.081

503

358

0.033

0.087

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.571

0.032

0.056

1.484

1.218

503

358

0.507

0.635

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.967

0.010

0.011

1.158

1.076

503

358

0.946

0.987

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

1336

958

0.000

0.000

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.069

0.009

0.123

0.700

0.837

945

622

0.052

0.086

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.014

0.003

0.206

0.379

0.615

945

622

0.008

0.020

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.213

0.017

0.078

1.009

1.005

931

613

0.180

0.246

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.087

0.011

0.122

0.862

0.928

934

614

0.066

0.108

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

0.177

0.054

0.304

1.068

1.034

84

55

0.069

0.284

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.994

0.006

0.006

0.825

0.908

194

129

0.981

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.920

0.020

0.022

0.698

0.836

194

129

0.880

0.960

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.961

0.014

0.014

0.628

0.792

194

129

0.934

0.988

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.974

0.015

0.015

1.116

1.056

192

129

0.944

1.000

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.880

0.028

0.032

0.933

0.966

193

129

0.824

0.935

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.114

0.031

0.268

2.189

1.479

362

238

0.053

0.175

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.871

0.021

0.024

0.938

0.969

362

238

0.829

0.913

na: not applicable

                     

Table SE.7: Sampling errors: Issyk-Kul

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.017

0.007

0.381

1.999

1.414

2245

780

0.004

0.031

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.917

0.033

0.036

11.010

3.318

2245

780

0.851

0.983

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.992

0.004

0.005

2.047

1.431

2245

780

0.983

1.000

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.315

0.047

0.149

0.533

0.730

42

53

0.221

0.409

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.994

0.004

0.004

0.659

0.812

184

235

0.986

1.000

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.984

0.010

0.010

1.533

1.238

215

265

0.965

1.000

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.833

0.033

0.040

0.750

0.866

72

94

0.766

0.900

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.953

0.012

0.012

1.081

1.040

287

359

0.930

0.977

Child labour

8.2

 

0.155

0.020

0.132

2.142

1.463

721

348

0.114

0.196

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.482

0.024

0.049

1.701

1.304

852

401

0.434

0.529

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

(39.585)

(10.892)

(0.275)

na

na

na

na

(17.802)

(61.368)

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

(43.371)

(12.590)

(0.290)

na

na

na

na

(18.192)

(68.551)

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.828

0.034

0.041

0.984

0.992

97

121

0.759

0.896

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

36.972

12.854

0.348

na

na

na

na

11.264

62.679

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.034

0.024

0.716

1.162

1.078

52

66

0.000

0.082

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.460

0.025

0.055

1.059

1.029

330

415

0.410

0.511

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.155

0.017

0.111

0.940

0.969

330

415

0.120

0.189

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.965

0.018

0.018

1.108

1.052

97

121

0.930

1.000

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.919

0.022

0.024

0.770

0.877

97

121

0.875

0.963

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.965

0.018

0.018

1.108

1.052

97

121

0.930

1.000

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.076

0.017

0.230

0.522

0.722

97

121

0.041

0.111

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

136

171

1.000

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.102

0.014

0.138

1.055

1.027

386

486

0.074

0.130

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.324

0.031

0.095

0.733

0.856

136

171

0.263

0.386

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.857

0.021

0.025

0.626

0.791

136

171

0.815

0.900

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.983

0.009

0.010

0.912

0.955

136

171

0.964

1.000

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.001

0.001

1.010

0.812

0.901

469

591

0.000

0.004

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.017

0.010

0.588

1.839

1.356

262

304

0.000

0.038

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.011

0.008

0.724

1.710

1.307

262

304

0.000

0.026

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.141

0.021

0.149

1.089

1.043

258

299

0.099

0.183

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.078

0.019

0.238

1.447

1.203

261

303

0.041

0.115

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

(0.35)

(0.07)

(0.20)

(0.52)

(0.72)

24

25

(0.21)

(0.49)

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

49

58

1.000

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.945

0.030

0.032

1.010

1.005

49

58

0.884

1.000

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

49

58

1.000

1.000

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.978

0.002

0.002

0.010

0.100

47

56

0.975

0.982

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.937

0.028

0.030

0.752

0.867

47

56

0.881

0.994

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.254

0.039

0.153

1.033

1.017

112

131

0.176

0.332

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.816

0.046

0.057

1.865

1.366

112

131

0.723

0.909

na: not applicable

( ) – Figures that are based on 25-49 unweighted cases, for mortality rate on 250-499 unweighted cases

Table SE.8: Sampling errors: Naryn

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.137

0.025

0.181

4.205

2.051

1411

809

0.087

0.186

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.807

0.060

0.075

18.861

4.343

1411

809

0.686

0.928

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.970

0.013

0.014

4.791

2.189

1411

809

0.944

0.996

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.392

0.032

0.082

0.455

0.674

42

105

0.327

0.456

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.993

0.005

0.005

1.255

1.120

133

327

0.982

1.000

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.987

0.006

0.006

1.191

1.091

169

414

0.974

0.999

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.922

0.024

0.026

0.902

0.950

45

110

0.873

0.971

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.973

0.006

0.006

0.769

0.877

214

524

0.960

0.985

Child labour

8.2

 

0.208

0.024

0.117

2.910

1.706

1046

454

0.159

0.257

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.580

0.032

0.055

3.789

1.946

1199

520

0.516

0.643

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

(27.017)

(9.939)

(0.368)

na

na

na

na

(7.139)

(46.895)

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

(33.501)

(10.040)

(0.300)

na

na

na

na

(13.421)

(53.582)

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.844

0.032

0.038

1.075

1.037

56

137

0.780

0.909

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

58.552

14.801

0.253

na

na

na

na

28.950

88.154

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.030

0.021

0.709

1.255

1.120

34

83

0.000

0.071

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.589

0.020

0.034

0.858

0.926

210

514

0.549

0.629

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.084

0.014

0.168

1.329

1.153

210

514

0.056

0.112

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.974

0.015

0.015

1.129

1.063

56

137

0.945

1.000

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.856

0.037

0.044

1.540

1.241

56

137

0.782

0.931

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.964

0.022

0.022

1.837

1.355

56

137

0.921

1.000

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.140

0.028

0.199

0.877

0.937

56

137

0.084

0.196

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

83

203

1.000

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.191

0.018

0.093

1.165

1.079

232

573

0.156

0.227

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.300

0.037

0.123

1.300

1.140

83

203

0.226

0.373

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.747

0.033

0.044

1.138

1.067

83

203

0.682

0.812

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.925

0.019

0.021

1.081

1.040

83

203

0.886

0.963

Smoking before age 15

12.2

 

0.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

282

693

0.000

0.000

Under-5s

                     

Underweight prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.1a

1.8

0.029

0.011

0.366

1.708

1.307

189

433

0.008

0.050

Underweight prevalence (severe)

2.1b

1.8

0.007

0.004

0.573

1.036

1.018

189

433

0.000

0.016

Stunting prevalence (moderate and severe)

2.2a

 

0.164

0.023

0.138

1.601

1.265

188

431

0.118

0.209

Overweight prevalence

2.4

 

0.062

0.013

0.212

1.271

1.127

189

433

0.036

0.088

Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

2.7

 

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

(*)

9

21

(*)

(*)

Tuberculosis immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

1.000

0.000

0.000

na

na

34

77

1.000

1.000

Polio immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.846

0.023

0.027

0.306

0.553

34

77

0.801

0.892

Pentavalent DPT+HepB+Hib immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.959

0.023

0.024

1.056

1.028

34

77

0.913

1.000

Measles immunization coverage at any time before the survey

-

 

0.976

0.010

0.010

0.373

0.610

38

86

0.955

0.996

Children fully vaccinated at any time before the survey

-

 

0.899

0.038

0.042

1.318

1.148

38

86

0.823

0.974

Attendance to early childhood education

6.1

 

0.256

0.034

0.131

1.254

1.120

92

213

0.189

0.323

Early child development index

6.8

 

0.805

0.032

0.040

1.374

1.172

92

213

0.741

0.869

na: not applicable

(*) – Figures that are based on fewer than 25 unweighted cases

( ) – Figures that are based on 250-499 unweighted cases

                   

Table SE.9: Sampling errors: Osh Oblast

Standard errors, coefficients of variation, design effects (deff), square root of design effects (deft), and confidence intervals for selected indicators, Kyrgyzstan, 2014

 

MICS Indicator

MDG Indicator

Value (r)

Standard error (se)

Coefficient of variation (se/r)

Design effect (deff)

Square root of design effect (deft)

Weighted count

Unweighted count

Confidence limits

Lower bound
r - 2se

Upper bound
r + 2se

Household members

                     

Use of solid fuels for cooking

3.15

 

0.617

0.034

0.055

3.793

1.948

5900

787

0.550

0.685

Use of improved drinking water sources

4.1

7.8

0.807

0.057

0.070

16.151

4.019

5900

787

0.694

0.920

Use of improved sanitation

4.3

7.9

0.997

0.002

0.002

0.784

0.885

5900

787

0.993

1.000

School readiness (children attending first grade of primary)

7.2

 

0.394

0.039

0.098

0.693

0.832

147

111

0.316

0.471

Primary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.4

2.1

0.992

0.007

0.007

2.682

1.638

486

367

0.978

1.000

Lower secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.956

0.018

0.019

3.191

1.786

517

395

0.920

0.993

Upper secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

SS

 

0.724

0.037

0.051

1.044

1.022

204

153

0.650

0.798

Secondary school net attendance ratio (adjusted)

7.5

 

0.900

0.013

0.014

0.954

0.977

720

548

0.875

0.925

Child labour

8.2

 

0.347

0.027

0.078

2.258

1.503

1227

447

0.293

0.401

Violent discipline

8.3

 

0.578

0.036

0.063

4.916

2.217

1536

572

0.506

0.651

Women

                     

Infant mortality rate

1.2

4.2

33.878

9.838

0.290

na

na

na

na

14.201

53.554

Under five mortality rate

1.5

4.1

(48.983)

(13.186)

(0.269)

na

na

na

na

(22.610)

(75.355)

Early initiation of breastfeeding

2.6

 

0.923

0.018

0.020

1.327

1.152

366

289

0.886

0.959

Adolescent birth rate

5.1

5.4

78.132

20.871

0.267

na

na

na

na

36.390

100.000

Early childbearing

5.2

 

0.038

0.021

0.558

2.468

1.571

276

200

0.000

0.081

Contraceptive prevalence rate

5.3

5.3

0.384

0.028

0.073

2.372

1.540

949

724

0.329

0.440

Unmet need

5.4

5.6

0.176

0.014

0.080

0.988

0.994

949

724

0.148

0.204

Antenatal care coverage (1+ times, skilled provider)

5.5a

5.5

0.976

0.017

0.017

3.538

1.881

366

289

0.942

1.000

Antenatal care coverage (4+ times, any provider)

5.5b

5.5

0.944

0.016

0.017

1.324

1.151

366

289

0.913

0.975

Skilled attendant at delivery

5.7

5.2

0.973

0.017

0.018

3.253

1.804

366

289

0.938

1.000

Caesarean section

5.9

 

0.023

0.008

0.329

0.745

0.863

366

289

0.008

0.039

Literacy rate (young women)

7.1

2.3

0.973

0.026

0.027

9.845

3.138

510

379

0.921

1.000

Marriage before age 18

8.5

 

0.149

0.018

0.121

2.013

1.419

1043

782

0.113

0.185

Knowledge about HIV prevention (young women)

9.1

6.3

0.361

0.027

0.075

1.212

1.101

510

379

0.307

0.416

Use of internet

10.3

 

0.707

0.040

0.057

2.941

1.715

510

379

0.627

0.788

Life satisfaction

11.1

 

0.959

0.023

0.024

5.135